Pregnancy & Knee Pain

Pregnancy and knee pain, pain relief for pregnant people, Dr. IrvineRelieving knee pain during pregnancy

Pregnancy and knee pain go hand in hand in the maternal world. Some women experience such pain to where they do not feel comfortable even walking, and may require bed rest for the remainder of their pregnancy. It is important to note that if you are experiencing knee pains, this is fairly common and can range from a mild disturbance to excruciating discomfort.

Breathe; you do not have to be immobile due to your knee pain with the help of Dr. Irvine.

Dr. Irvine recommends:

  1. A low-impact exercise to help strengthen your quads to help support your knees.
  2. Getting off your feet more to take the pressure from your knees. Any additional weight gained during pregnancy can have an affect on your knees, so taking a few sessions to prop your feet up whenever possible will help ease & possibly prevent further pain.
  3. Acetaminophen (Tylenol) is the safest pain pain reliever for women who are pregnant. Try to avoid aspirin or ibuprofen which can lead to developmental problems for your baby.
  4. Consider purchasing a knee brace to help relieve the knee pain. A knee brace will assist in supporting your other ligaments and tendons.

Should you have any concerns, please call the Missouri Orthopedic office at 314-567-5850.

Common Swimming Injuries

Prevention tips for swimmers from Dr. Irvine

We are in the midst of the summer season, and one of the most popular summer activities is swimming. You do not have to be a professional swimmer to get a swimming injury, they can happen to anyone at anytime. However, elite swimmers who train more than five miles per day may experience more than others: joint pain, shoulder pain or discomfort, hip or back pain from rotation & even your knees may experience injury.
You may be wondering what causes swimming injuries exactly, since swimming is considered a low-impact fitness activity, Dr. Irvine is here to help you prevent some of the most common swimming injuries to keep you safe this summer and even into the swim season this school year.

Injury Prevention when Swimming, Swimming Injuries, How to avoid injury while swimming, Mo sports med


This may include rotator cuff, shoulder blade or even scapula, biceps tendinitis all which could cause stress surrounding your shoulder joint(s).

Knees, Hips, Back

This may include tendon & ligament damage. Those who breaststroke often may experience hip pain from hip tendon inflammation.

Prevention Tips

  • For elite swimmers: know the proper techniques to swimming.
  • If you are feeling pain or discomfort during swimming, tell someone immediately, whether a parent or your swim coach.
  • Make sure to get enough rest in between long periods of swimming to allow enough recovery time.
  • Perform core strengthening techniques for pre and early season routines.
  • If you have serious concerns, pains or aches consult with Dr. Irvine to help prevent any further or serious injuries.

Stretching can help prevent knee sprains

Knee Sprain Prevention at Missouri Orthopedics

In late November, the St. Louis Blues had a scare when goaltender Brian Elliott suffered a “lower-body injury” when his leg appeared to be caught underneath him during a scramble in front of the net.

The injury would be later classified as a knee sprain by several media outlets.

A knee sprain is classified as the stretching or tearing of ligaments that support the knee, but fortunately for the Blues, Elliott didn’t need surgery which is required when the ligament is completely torn.

While Elliott was injured playing a sport, a knee sprain can happen in everyday life, such as having poor coordination and balance, inadequate flexibility and strength in muscles and ligaments, and loose joints.

According to, some of the causes of a knee sprain include forced twisting of the knee, stopping suddenly or shifting your weight while running, landing awkwardly after jumping, a blow to the outer or inner side of the knee, and a blow to the front of the knee while bent and the foot is firmly planted on the ground.

There are three grades of knee sprains and the treatments to heal a sprained knee include the RICE method (Rest, Ice, Compression, and Elevation), medication, knee support such as a brace, rehabilitation exercises, and surgery.

How can you reduce the risk of spraining your knee? It’s recommend to stretch or warm up before exercising and cool down afterwards. Also, you should take a break from sports or exercise when you feel tired. Doing exercises that strengthen the leg muscles and learning proper techniques for sports and exercises will decrease the stress on the knee area.

Dr. Irvine at Missouri Orthopedics & Advanced Sports Medicine has a particular interest in treating knee pain and injuries. He performs the most advanced techniques in arthroscopy, including ACL and PCL reconstruction, and treatment of osteochondral defects.

Call us at (314) 567-5850 to schedule an appointment.

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Strengthen Your Knees

Knee Strengthening Exercises!


Runners are all too familiar with the hardship that your sport plays on your knees. There are steps that you can take to avoid, as best you can, injuring your knee and being temporarily out of commission. These moves can also help you recover from an injury, but you should always talk to your doctor to see what kind of moves you may do that will be appropriate for you.

1: Jumping Rope!

There is a right and a wrong way to jump rope. You want to be sure that you are landing with your knees slightly bent instead of being straight. To improve the strength of your knees, try to land in a half-squat position with bent knees.

2: Low Impact Cardio!

Swimming, walking & biking can, over time, strengthen your knees so that one day you may be able to perform high impact cardio activities.

3: Ball-Squeeze Squat!

Place a ball between your thighs and squeeze. Slowly squat until your knees are bent 90 degrees, or get as low as you can.

4: Large-Step Lunge!

Take one leg forward with a large step. Lower your body until your back knee almost touches the floor and then return to your starting position.

5: Step Ups!

10 reps of stepping up with one foot onto a raised surface and then switch feet. Do this while holding dumb bells for an extra challenge.